The Alzireño municipality has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Archaeological sites show numerous habitations. Paleolithic are ” Houses Xixerá” and ” Alfonso Cave”; Neolithic ” The Cave of the Spiders”; and ” The Cave of the Cats” (Beaker vessels both with interesting); Bronze Age ” Mount stricken” and “Houses Moncada”; from Roman times ” The drain of St. Bernard” and the “Necropolis path Albalat”.
The origins of Alzira are, however, indeterminate. Historians and scholars have expressed their views unevenly. For some, the city is the successor to the Iberian Sucro; other influence is distinctly Muslim Foundation. The truth is that the name clearly reflects the geographic circumstances of the old village; a core of walled town, surrounded by the waters of rivers and Barxeta Xuquer.
During Muslim rule, Alzira was such a large population that grew to own the Interior. With the Almoravids, focus was featured in several rebellions against Christians, and with the intent of unifying Almohad, He went on to declare in favor of these. Many farmsteads were scattered by Alzireño territory. The town had several gates, as the Royal Gate, The Trinity, that of the Jews; and bathhouses, Mosques, molinos etc. Jaime I took for Christians, incorporating Western civilization, the 30 December 1242.
The Aragonese king, I felt a special predilection for the villa, he granted numerous privileges, among which highlighted the grouper and mixed empire, with jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases 42 people, and gave him the Acequia Real Property.
Related to the reign of James I are the foundations of monasteries Living Waters (1268), San Agustín (1270) y Sta. Maria Magdalena (1273), and construction, probably over mosques, Churches of Santa Maria and Santa Catalina.
The king Alfonso I grant you the villa, the 29 April 1286, holding fair since the day of San Lorenzo until late August. During the statutory period Alzira took active part in the War of the Union, participated as a royal villa in the courts of the kingdom and played a prominent role in the Compromise of Caspe.
In 1501 King Ferdinand II ordered that the show be moved from 15 May to 15 June, basing it on the fact that in the month of May was trading silks and fruits.
Had Jeronimos monastery in Alzira (St. Mary of the Murta, 1401), las agustinas (Santa Lucia, 1536), Franciscan (Santa Barbara, 1539), Trinitarians (San Bernardo, 1558), Capuchin (Incarnation 1614), etc.
The crisis of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was evident in the villa. A general economic downturn other factors that impacted directly joined and contributed to further worsen the situation. On the one hand, segregation Carcagente, Alzira Reducio Guadassuar and economic capacity; other, the expulsion of the Moors, with known and serious sequelae.
During the War of Succession, the town was declared in favor of the Archduke Charles and became parade. It was the site for some time by the Board of Valencia. Winner Philip V Bourbon, abolished the charters and municipal privileges.
In 1820 the judicial district of Alzira was created, which lasted until 1823, which was erected in the Governorate, he realized 42 towns and lasted until 1837, it was again restored the judicial district. By mid-century, namely 9 April 1853, Read the railroad in Alzira. The 8 August 1876, Alfonso XII, in consideration of the importance, by increasing population and development of industry and commerce, I had gotten the villa, granted him the title of City. In 1885 Alzira Jaime Ferran famous doctor was paid to experienced cholera vaccine.
Among the illustrious sons of Alzira include poets Ibn Jafadja, Ibn Ibn al-Zaqqaq e Tomlus; the clergy and Vich Joan Martí Gilabert; the writers Gascó Siurana, Palanca y Josep Francesc Joaquim Casassus; Master of Alzira, Renaissance painter of the Valencian school and painter, Teodoro Andreu, student of Joaquín Sorolla.
The Municipal Archives of Alzira is the most important asset of our city legacy. Located on the fourth floor of City Hall is a meeting place for researchers to query and work your valuable background, a fundamental knowledge and understanding of the evolution and development of our city and other towns in the county treasury. Among the documents saved include the number of scrolls of the Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs, collection of “Books of Acts of juries and Concell”, repertoire Notary Protocols, Registers of the Royal Canal, as well as a few special codices including the privileges enumerated deserve the villa, Municipal Ordinances and, overcoat, the “Orange Work privileges of Valencia”. Cataloged and inventoried on and Roque among others Chabás, Pelufo Vicente and José María Parra, It is diposición of any citizen and foreigner who wants to delve into the ancient past and recent, and consult records, newsletters, etc. From the Archives microfilm of old documents is driven, press and graphic information is retrieved and written, research is encouraged, by offering scholarships, and history of our people is reported through the historic district study magazine “Al-Gezira”. A recent addition to the library assistant background “Landed – Giner” consisting of about a thousand volumes, most historical, geographical and linguistic.